Code Name : OCC
Scientific Name : Octopus vulgaris
Octopus classigication : Mollusca (phyllum), Octopoda (order) και Octopodidae (family).
Octopus vulgaris is a benthic species occurring from the coastline to the outer edge of the continental shelf, in depths from 0 to 200 m, where it is found in a variety of habitats, such as rocks, coral reefs, and grass beds. It remains active in cold waters, even below 7 °C.
Throughout its distribution range, this species is known to undertake limited seasonal migrations, usually overwintering in deeper waters and occurring in shallower waters during summer. In the western Mediterranean, large mature or maturing individuals migrate inshore in early spring, followed later on by smaller, immature individuals. These two groups begin their retreat into deeper waters by August/September and November/ December respectively. Similar migration patterns are found in other sea areas.
Two spawning peaks per year can be observed for this species throughout its distributional range in the Mediterranean, the first occurs in April/May corresponding to the group migrating in shore in spring and the second in October, corresponding to the group migrating in autumn.
The food of the species consists of bivalves (oysters, mussels, etc) and crustaceans.
Lavrae and juvelines are preyed upon mainly by albacore (small tuna), and other fishes. Adults are preyed my benthic finfishes.
Maximum total length 1.2 m in females and to 1.3 m in males; maximum weight 10 kg; common to 3 kg. In the western Mediterranean, mantle length at first maturity is about 9.5 cm in males, 13.5 cm in females.
The species is caught in out nets throughout the year, in quantities and sizes that vary depending on the fishing area, the fishing depth and the time of the year. The product is available in two conditions: fresh and as a Blue Basket brand (fresh-frozen).
- 1 - pcs / kg
- 2 - 6 pcs / kg
- 7 - 10 pcs / kg
FRESH CATCH with ICE FLAKES
- 2 kg (polystyrene box)
- 5 kg (polystyrene box)
- 10 kg (polystyrene box)
BLUE BASKET (FROZEN)
- 1 kg (iqf Pe/Pa bag)
- 2 kg (iqf Pe/Pa bag)
- 1½ kg (carton box)
- 2 kg (carton box)
- 2 kg (vacuum block)
- 4 kg (vacuum block)
- 5 kg (vacuum block)
FAO. 37 Mediterranean Sea
FAO. 37.3.1 North Aegean Sea
2 - 6 °C in refrigerator (fresh catch)
-18 °C in freezer (frozen product)